Environmental pollution essays are narrative essays that are based on experiences in our daily lives. These essays begin with general statements and reflections on the meaning of the topic and the importance of narrative such essays. The bodies and conclusions that are described in engaging ways with up to date statistical information on pollution which makes the reader always alert and fully invited and feel to be part of the story.
How to start
The environmental pollution essays henceforth may take the form of description of different types of pollution such as sound, water, air and soil among others. Therefore, the body describes the various types of environmental contamination in each paragraph. On a separate note, the essays might outline the consequences of pollution such as global warming, extinction of resources, health hazards on people and animals, and demolition of the ecosystem where by individual paragraphs describe agricultural activities, transportation, technology and industry, residences of people and their behaviors among others. At the introduction, there is usually a brief description of the terms such as environment and pollution followed by different types of pollution exhibited on the environment or the various consequences of pollution. These form the thesis statements that are elaborated in the subsequent sections.
Example of introduction for a pollution essay:
Man is the Main Polluter
“The term environment is referred to as the surrounding of the human being. Hence it includes air, plant, water, animal life, and non-living things among others. For the purpose of peaceful coexistence, man has to make sure that all these aspects of the environment are not tampered with and at all times effectively utilized and preserved for future generation. However, the current chaotic situation in the environment is a consequence of environmental pollution. Pollution is contamination of the natural environment by either human or natural actions without rectifying such activities to the extent that they become a health hazard to all the living things. In most cases, physical activities have been blamed for pollution such as earthquakes, cyclones, volcanic eruption, storms, rain and floods among others. However, man has been the greatest environmental polluter who has caused adverse impacts to him, others, plants, and animals. Thus, the essay describes man’s different activities that have caused environmental pollution.”
How to write the body
The body of the essay will delve into the various ways and activities that man engages in which lead to environmental pollution. Every activity is described in individual paragraphs where the first sentence denotes the point. This is followed by an elaboration of the point giving evidence to support the argument in a logical sequence. Furthermore, the writer joins all these statements interestingly using transitional words to ensure there is a flow so that the reader stays engaged. Each paragraph discusses a point separately though they are interconnected concerning the thesis statement regarding the topic.
Example of body paragraphs for an environmental pollution essay:
“One activity that man engages in is urbanization and population increase in an area. Therefore, the greatest activity that results is increased scatter of garbage and trash within his dwelling environment. Man dumps rubbish in every place that decay. However, most of this rubbish have toxic components that are released and permeate the soil to different water catchment areas such as rivers, oceans, seas, dams and boreholes. Furthermore, people directly throw garbage to these water areas which have formed special garbage islands, especially in oceans and seas. Sectors such as the Ganges River in Varanasi and Calcutta are highly polluted by waste which has bacteria hence have negatively impacted on the aquatic lives. People who live in such areas suffer from diseases such as cholera because they drink such raw water. Also, the garbage in such areas releases smell with the constant decay of materials which cause air pollution. Similarly, water is also polluted through industrial activities where items are processed or manufactured. The wastewater is channeled to rivers and seas in the locality. These waters are also contaminated with the highest levels which disrupt the aquatic life and the ecosystem such as the food chain.
Secondly, both the agriculture and the industrial sectors are activities responsible for water, air, soil and noise pollution. Man uses pesticides and fertilizers in his agricultural fields. These items have adverse effects on water, air, and soils. However, some factories that produce these chemicals have installed different water and air purification systems though such actions are minimal compared to industries existing in both developed and developing nations. Besides, many nations have not subscribed to global environmental protection programs due to the limitation of such activities in specific territories which further derails efforts to solve the universal problem.
Lastly, man is responsible for air pollution through factory emissions, burning of the fossil fuels, and transportation among others. The smoke emitted from such activities concentrates in the air that people breathe in. Consequently, this results in respiratory diseases, cancer, and vision problems among others. Also, dangerous gases are emitted in the air such as nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, chemical vapor and sulfur dioxide. The reaction of these gases combined with the cooling of the water vapor results in acid rains that corrode plants and other items on the earth surface. On the same note, the release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere from the industries is responsible for its high concentration that causes a blanket of the atmosphere. This leads to global warming which alters the natural processes on the earth.”
How to conclude
The conclusion of environmental pollution essays entails summary of the points discussed in the body as well as a reiteration of the thesis statement. This is followed by a challenging remark that challenges the reader to reevaluate the remedies as the best solution and challenge his way of thinking regarding the topic.
Example of conclusion for a pollution essay:
“In conclusion, man is noted as the greatest polluter of the environment. This is pegged on its devastating activities such as extraction and processing of resources, increase in population that leads to damping and scatter of garbage, increases industrial activities among others. Consequently, such activities have resulted in pollution of air, water, soil, and sound. These activities have negatively impacted on environment hence their related impacts include disrupted ecosystem, destruction of aquatic life, disease, global warming and acid rains among others. However, man has realized that environmental pollution is a global phenomenon hence he has laid measures to curb the problem and has called for action of rehabilitation, protection, and conservation of the environment. However, challenges do occur due to the existence of such measures in specific regions which hinder willful joining of hands to solve the problems.”
A cause and effect essay is a type of essay that explains why the event or the situation occurs (causes) and the results of its happening (effects). Writing a cause and effect essay takes students lots efforts cause the main idea of writing such an essay is to examine the reasons and the results of the phenomenon. But as for the structure, a cause and effect essay outline is simple: introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion. If you are assigned to write a cause and effect essay here is a list of great cause and effect essay topics.
50 BEST IDEAS FOR CAUSE AND EFFECT ESSAY TOPICS
In case you are looking for cause and effect essay examples, you can read the one below.
Air Pollution Poignant Matters
Air pollution refers to a chemical, physical or biological alteration to the atmospheric air. It results whenever harmful gasses, smoke, or dust enters the atmosphere and in turn, hinders the survival of animals and plants as the air contains toxic substances.
The survival of human beings and animals greatly depend on the combination of gasses in the atmosphere; slight disruption of this composition can cause devastating effects on their existence. An imbalance in these atmospheric gasses is known to result in global warming, a great threat to the contemporary world. We cannot underestimate the effects air pollution has on the ozone layer which largely contributes to the existence of organisms on the planet.
Causes of Air Pollution
For the causes of air pollution to be well articulated, it is important to delve into the types of air pollutants. Air pollutants can be caused by secondary and primary sources. If a process directly results to pollution, then this forms the primary source. For instance, factories emit sulfur dioxide which is a primary source of air pollution. Reactions and interactions between primary sources form the secondary pollutant. For instance, the intermingling of primary pollutants forms smog which is a secondary pollutant.
Burning of fossil fuels
The main cause of air pollution is burning of coal, gasoline, petroleum, and other fossil fuels. These fuels are the main cause of acid rain, smog, greenhouse gas emissions, and presence of heavy metals in the air.
Fossil fuels form an important part of the society; they are used in transportation, heating, manufacturing, and even in electricity generation. This makes them an important part of the society making it difficult (but not uncontrollable) to curtail. In modern society, the use of fossil fuels can be made so that its burning becomes efficient, but this comes with a monetary cost. It is important to note that unless alternative cleaner option is found, we will have the future facing the same problems of pollution.
Increased use of motor vehicles, and emission of nitrogen
Vehicles use fuel which sometimes is not completely burnt in the engine; therefore, they release VOCs (Volatile Organic Chemicals) into the air. VOCs and nitrogen are a common source of air pollution.
Decomposition of garbage and solid wastes
Disposal sites containing biodegradable substances are known to emit methane gas into the atmosphere. Methane gas is known to be a harmful gas, it is highly flammable and a potential disaster to the ozone layer. Garbage and other household products release VOCs to the air.
Air pollution can come from natural sources such as dust, wildfires, and volcanic activity. Wildfire is known to emit VOCs and particulates into the atmosphere. Volcanic eruptions spew sulfur dioxide and volcanic ash into the atmosphere. Volcanic ash is usually dumped in the upper atmosphere, and as a result, global temperatures are lowered. However, pollution resulting from natural causes remains in the atmosphere for a short period and does not result in a permanent change as it might be the case with human activity-based pollution.
Effects of Air Pollution
1. Respiratory infections
Air pollution is the leading cause of respiratory diseases. Exposure to air pollutants can cause lung cancer and even asthma. Asthma can lead to death if not well treated, as it might cause difficulty in breathing. A prolonged exposure of pollutants can cause lung cancer.
2. Global warming
The rise in sea level, rising temperature in the world, and the melting of ice glaciers are the evidence for the global warming. Global warming is a direct effect of air pollution in the world. The only way to curb this increasingly destructive menace is to reduce air pollution.
3. Depletion of ozone layer
With the greenhouse effect which is the major contributor of the release of chlorofluorocarbon into the atmosphere has led to the depletion of ozone layer. This layer is important in shielding the earth from the destructive ultraviolet (UV) radiations.
4. Formation of acid rain
Emission of harmful gasses such as sulfur dioxide and nitrogen into the atmosphere lead to the formation of acid rain. It is quite common for rain water to have sulfuric acid due to rampant cases of air pollution in the modern society. Acid rain is a major threat to the aquatic life as well as human beings.
There are carcinogenic substances in the acid rain, and it has devastating effects to even metal which can be observed by the extent of corrosion that often results.
Air pollutants such as nitrogen oxide speed up the growth of algae on the water surface. This growth competes with aquatic life for oxygen, therefore, posing a major threat to fishing. The only way to reduce the devastating effects of air pollution will be to come up with effective ways of reducing air pollution.
Earth’s atmosphere has a self-regulating mechanism that ensures sequestration of carbon among other pollutants. The mechanism works to ensure that the ecosystem is not affected by the changes occurring in the atmosphere. However, if people continue to add more pollutants than the earth is able to remove, then the response will be increased smog, acid rain, global warming and a number of health problems.
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